2018 Waec civic Education questions and answers

CIVIC OBJ:
1-10: DBDBBDBBBA
11-20: CDABCADBAB
21-30: DBBDBDDADD
31-40: DACBBDBCBC
41-50: CBDDCCBDDD

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(1a)
Orderliness can be defined as the art of doing things in a peaceful orderly manner. It is the act by which things are arranged in a proper, neat and systematic way.

(1b)
(i) Peaceful coexistence: Peaceful coexistence among individuals, clans, tribes, ethnic groups and religious institutions that make up the society is the manifestation of the existence of law and order.
(ii) Absence of wars and civil strife: Wars and civil strife are generally absent in society exhibiting law and order. The breakdown of law and order makes the society ungovernable.
(iii) Peaceful conduct of elections: Electioneering activities such as campaigns, voting and announcement of results, etc. are generally peaceful and orderly in a society exhibiting law and order.
(iv) Tolerance of oppositions: There is tolerance of opposition/opposing views in the society where law and order are exhibited e.g. political office holders tolerate opposing views and social critics.
(v) Religious tolerance: Adherents of different religions in the society tolerate the views, teaching and preaching of others which prevent sectarian crises.
(vi) Queuing culture: People form or join queue(s) in an orderly manner in public places such as petrol stations, bus stops, etc. to access public utilities in societies exhibiting law and order.

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(3a)
Constituted authority refers to the different forms of Leadership established for the smooth running of the society. In every society, there are groups, associations, schools, government and business organizations that are composed of different groups of people.

(3b)
(i) It maintains laws and order to bring about development in the society.
(ii) It work to ensure that rights of citizens or members of the society are protected.
(iii) It work to protect lives and properties of citizens or members of the society:
(iv) Religious constituted authorities direct the affairs of their societies and help members to be closer to God.
(v) It ensures that people live in peace and harmony with one another
(vi) It ensure orderliness in the state and help to settle dispute in the society.

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(4a)
(i) Cocaine
(ii) Heroine
(iii) Methamphetamine
(iv) Inhalants
(v) Steroids

(4b)
(i) Increased Need for Privacy
(ii) Lack of Anger Management Skills
(iii) High Risk Taking
(iv) Lack of Interest
(v) Depression
(vi) Lying and other unethical behavior
(vii) Defensiveness

(4c)
(i) Involving in odd vices such aslying and stealing to pay for your drug use
(ii) Financial problems due to High cost of drugs

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(7a)
(i) Refusal to register and vote: One of the condition that voters are required to satisfy us registration. In Nigeria, INEC is the body which conducts registration exercise. Sometimes some governments declare public holidays for this exercise, yet many people still refuse to register due to lack of interest.
(ii) Refusal to belong to political parties: Many citizens who can form or belong to political parties which can indeed make a difference in elections are not interested and they just watch others form weak parties which cannot capture any seat in the election.
(iii) Refusal to vote during elections: On the day of election, some people are seen washing their clothes, watching home videos, playing games in the homes etc instead of going to cast their votes. This is a form of political apathy.
(iv) Unwillingness to contest election: Many qualified people do not want to contest election because they believe the election will not be free and fair or they may be killed. As a result of fear, they shy away from elections no matter how much their friends persuade them.
(v) Non-involvement in Electioneering campaign: This is a form of political apathy because some people do not want to get involved either in debate, rallies, discussions, seminars, meetings or other activities of the electioneering campaigns.

(7b)
(i) Bad governance
(ii) Unfulfilled political promises.
(iii) Violence during election.
(iv) Discrimination against women.
(v) Illiteracy
(vi) Political culture

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