2018 WAEC RUNZ literature in english ANSWERS
WAEC 2018 – LITERATURE
Thursday, 5th April, 2018
Literature-In-English 2 (Prose) – 9:30 a.m. – 10:45 a.m.
Literature-In-English 1 (Objective) – 10:45 a.m – 11:45 a.m
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We all know how painful it is to part with something of huge value. Waking up one calm morning to realise that one’s lovely kitten or cat is dead; leaves the heart with some particles of sorrow not to mention the death of a loved one.
The sorrow and loneliness that come with bereavement is found paramount in the novel “Lonely Days” by Bayo Adebowale. A novel that discussed widowhood and it associated plights within African society (Nigeria as a case study). Yaremi among other widows suffered humiliation, intimidation and loneliness after the lost of her husband, Ajumobi.
With the help of a well chosen narrative styles; Bayo Adebowale drove his message into the heart of the readers. The author embraced such elements as climactic plot, dialect, omniscient narration, flashback, songs and poetry.
(i) Climactic Plot: The events in Lonely Days flowed from beginning to end. It started with Yaremi lost her husband (Ajumobi) the widows’ humiliation followed then came the attempt of forceful second marriage to the final treat of the village elders to chase Yaremi out of Kufi village for violating the village’s traditional widowhood injunction.
(ii) Dialect: The Yoruba dialect is found at many unexpected lines of the novel’s narration. Few examples are iloro, amala, kijipa, arere, owurubutu, Sokoti, hua-hua-hua, ipele, labankada, Ayan-Agalu, etc. The purpose is to support the main setting of the novel which is Kufi (a symbolism for African cultural society).
(iii) Omniscient Narration: Bayo Adebowale placed narration of Lonely Days in the mouth of an unknown entity, such entity saw the in and out of all events_ both physical and those happening in the minds of characters. The narrator saw when the shooting stars fell of the sky and also saw Woye making decorations off the village junks.
(iv) Flashback: This is a technique of bringing past events into the present. It mostly adds beauty and information to any story. Deyo told Alani how Ajumobi and himself used to hoot at each other in their various farms; in preparedness to go home. Woye also got to know about Yaremi’s childhood experience through the writer’s use of flashback.
(v) Songs and Poetry: These other genres of literature are employed into the plot of Lonely Days. There are many instances of song in the novel. At a point, Radeke sang a traditional widow’s song:
“If heaven was like going to the market in the morning
And returning home in the evening
I would have followed my husband
And run errands for him…”
From the conversation between Bigger Thomas and Gusiffer at the entrance of the pool room, i learned about black life as being that of depressive, intolerable and suppresive. In Chicago 1930 Black Americans dominated its territory under which premises they aboard are aimed by the white themselves.There is total amount of discriminatory act from the white people towards the black. Gussifer being a white man and Bigger Thomas being a black man are best of friends.Their relationship sometimes dwells into trouble wherever they experience bitter quarrel between themselves. Each time they quarrel races chants and discriminatory statement are proclaimed. From the pool room there was a huge blast between them regarding the secrets plotting of robbing a white man’s wealth. The plan to rob a whiteman’s wealth was propounded by Bigger Thomas and ignored by Gussifer. Gussifer snub the plan to rob the whiteman’s wealth which was idealised by by Bigger Thomas. Gussifer doesn’t agree and Bigger had to beat him up terrorizes him and make racial comments towards him.He claimed that Gussifer snub the plan simply because of the fact that he is a white man.